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北语20春《英语国家概况(I)》作业1【标准答案】

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20春《英语国家概况(I)》作业1

试卷总分:100  得分:100

一、单选题 (共 10 道试题,共 50 分)

1.______ was first adopted in Australia?.

A.The two-chamber parliament

B.The three-tier government system

C.The public services

D.Secret Ballots

 

2.New Zealanders have adopted their name from the kiwi, _______.

A.which was the only mammal in New Zealand

B.which was introduced to New Zealand about 1000 years ago

C.which is an introduced flightless bird

D.which is a native flightless bird

 

3.Which of the following factors does not contribute to New Zealand's environmental achievement?

A.The ozone hole over Antarctica

B.Low population

C.Favourable geographic features

D.A late development of industry

 

4.In Britain, the highest judicial appointments are made by the Queen on the advice of(   ).

A.the Speaker

B.the Prime Minister

C.the Lord Chancellor

D.the Attorney General

 

5.In Australia___has the country’s richest farmland and best grazing land.

A.the Outback

B.the Great Western Plateau

C.the Eastern Highlands

D.the Central Eastern Lowlands

 

6.The European settlement ________ Aboriginal culture and society.

A.promoted the development of

B.had no effect on

C.devastated

D.brought prosperity to

 

7.Which statement is NOT true about Ireland ?

A.The Republic of Ireland is an independent country

B.Northern Ireland is part of the United Kingdom

C.Ireland is divided into two political units

D.Ireland is called the Emerald Isle because of its rich deposit of emeralds

 

8.New Zealand consists of two main islands:(   ).

A.West Island and East Island

B.Victorian island and Tasman Island

C.Steward Island and Long Island

D.North Island and South island

 

9.In Britain, a parliament has a maximum duration of years.

A.6

B.5

C.4

D.3

 

10.Convict transportation to the mainland of Australia ended in__________.

A.1901

B.1855

C.1851

D.1840

 

二、判断题 (共 10 道试题,共 50 分)

11.Whistle-blowers are often experts in both senior and lower levels of bureaucracies who, discovering that their branch of the organization is in some way corrupt and inefficient, try to expose this problem.

 

12.The continent of Australia is the largest, fattest and driest continent in the world.

 

13.Britain's agricultural sector produces 58% of the UK's food need with only 2% of its workforce.

 

14.The House of Commons is the real centre of British political life because it is the place where elected representatives make and debate policy.

 

15.Northern Ireland is the smallest of the four nations, but is well-known in the world for its most famous landmark.

 

16.It was believed before 1980s that the government should play the central role in the promotion and maintenance of the social prosperity.

 

17.The doctrine of “divine rights of kings” held that sovereign divine his authority from God, not from his subjects.

 

18.Wakefield Scheme was devised by Edward Wakefield, a convict and theorist on colonization, to solve the problem of labor shortage in colonial Australia.

 

19.The Dreaming is the belief system from ancient times that has bound indigenous groups together. It is about how the features of their land were created.

 

20.In the UK, class divisions are not only economic but also cultural.

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