1. So take risks. Explore. Switch majors.
2. Kraus says he has an “unhealthy relationship” with his phone and is constantly pulling it out tocheck things, and that if he lets it, that behaviour “fills up those gaps in my day — some gaps ofboredom, some of solitude.”
3. Why is looking out the window or going for a walk more conducive to reflection than browsingthrough a friend’s Tumblr stream?
4. Let’s take a trip and explore a whole new world under the sea.
5. He has trouble understanding that other people judge him by his social skills and conduct.
6. He says he found it draining to come home each night and study profiles, draftclever emails to the women he was attracted to, and then often receive noresponse.
7. While we are on the subject of “no more”, let me gently mention that it applies to the car you’ve been driving too.
A.C.field of study
8. They tried to infuse them with new ideas .
9. I am pleased to tell you that your application for the post of Assistant Editor has been successful.
10. Your knowledge and experience will pay off later on.
11. Are you exhausted from tweaking pages on your profile, updating your photosand e-mailing potential matches?
A.pinch somebody gently and usually affectionately or playfully
B.pull or twist a part of someone’s body
C.make a slight adjustment, change or improvement to something
D.tease somebody, either playfully or maliciously
12. A small man robbed a bank with a toy gun and was caught by a young teller of the bank.
13. After the awful meals we had last Christmas, I vowed to do more of the cooking myself.
14. States normally grant citizenship to people who have entered the country legally and been granted leave to stay.
15. And we inhibit real human connection when we prioritize our phones over the people right infront of us.
16. Obama had dual citizenship at birth－his mother was American and his Kenyan father was a British subject.
17. I’ll be more available for more advice any time.
18. Will passengers waiting to board please go to the ticket counter?
A.pay to sleep and eat meals
B.get on a plane
C.organize as a group
D.put up a notice
19. When I first saw her, she was walking across the school gate. I stood motionless as if stunned, following her with my eyes.
20. Not everyone can consume (or make sense of) quite as many diverse information sources asKedrosky can.
21. High schools don’t teach much about budgets and credit.
C.plan to spend money
D.getting cheap things
22. This explains the constant desire for virtual contact, Kraus says — and that contact gets in theway of real relationships.
23. Man’s knowledge is not innate but comes from social practice.
24. I couldn’t resist one more teachable moment.
25. You won’t seem approachable if no one can see your face.
A.easy for nonspecialists to understand
C.friendly and easy to talk to
D.able to be reached with ease by a particular route
26. Separate your spending into categories, such as books, laundry, entertainment, food and beverages.
27. You are fortunate to have parents that can take care of your biggest bills — tuition, room and board, transportation home.
D.fee for education
28. It may be time for you to break up with online dating and try meeting a mate in the scary old-fashioned way: face to face.
D.end a relationship with
29. Competitors from more than a hundred countries have converged on Sheffield for the Games.
30. “We are lonely but fearful of intimacy. Digital connections offer the illusion of companionshipwithout the demands of friendship. We expect more from technology and less from each other.”
31. The democratization of connections, collisions and therefore thinking is historically unprecedented.
32. It’s easy to talk, because we already share a common interest. So atleast you’ll usually get a decent conversation, even if it winds up going nowheredating-wise
A.moral or reasonable
B.adequate or sufficient
C.happy or pleasant
D.kind or generous
33. The children born during that boom are called the baby boom generation , which is by far the greatest generation in American history, nearly one third of the total U. S. population today. By the sheer force of their numbers they have demanded a response from the nation at every stay of their life.
When they were children in the 1950’s, the U.S. became child oriented. New elementary schools were built in the 1950’s to educate them. the new high schools in the 1960’s and new colleges in the 1960’s and 1970’s, today, in 1982, the baby-boom generation is between the ages of 20 and 35 years old.
In the last decade, during the 1970’s we had a larger increase of labour force than we had during the preceding 30 years. Productivity, however, was quite low. It was because we had so many young and inexperienced workers coming into the labour force.
This generation that was twice as likely as their parents’ generation to go to college discovered after graduation that they were twice as likely as their parents’ generation to have trouble finding a job.
many young workers are short of experience
the baby-boom generation is between the ages of 20 and 35 years old.
they are new college students
they have trouble finding a job
there should be in an increase in productivity since the country will have more experienced work force
?there will be a greater demand for teachers
more colleges will be built
the baby boom generation will get used to limiting their expectations
The baby boom generation is good-for-nothing.
Unemployment is on the rise
The country gets rid of them.
The baby boom generation is a burden to the country.
They asked to be taken care of by the old.
The mere mention of their numbers will cause the government headaches.
This generation is entitled（有资格）to attention from the country by virtue of their number.
They claim to be the younger generation in American history.
BH.? the late 1960’s
34. When children learn a language, they learn the grammar as well as the words or vocabulary. No one teaches them; children just “pick them up”.
Before babies begin to produce words, they produce sounds. Some of these sounds will remain if they occur in the language being acquired, and others will disappear. This is called the “babbling（牙牙学语）stage”.
A child does not learn the language “all at once”. The child’s first utterances （言语）are one-word sentences. After a few months, the two-word stage arises. During this stage，the child puts two words together. These two-word sentences have definite patterns and express grammatical and meaningful relationships. Still later, in the telegraphic stage, the child will produce longer sentences. These longer sentences are mainly made up of content words. The child’s early grammar lacks many of the rules of the adult grammar, but eventually it will become mature.
All normal children everywhere learn language. This ability is not dependent on race（种族）, social class, geography, or even intelligence. This ability is uniquely human.
are strictly grammatical
are more difficult than those produced in the telegraphic stage
are simpler than those produced in the “babbling stage”
are meaningful and have function
can understand people’s talk
begin to produce two-word sentences
can only produce sounds
learn to walk steadily
ways of teaching babies to talk
the importance of learning foreign languages
the difference between a child’s language and an adult’s
children’s learning of the mother language
study very hard and remember them
raise them from the ground
learn them without much effort
use hands to help carry them
35. Terry Wolfisch Cole may seem like an ordinary 40-year-old mom, but her neighbors know the truth: She’s one of the “Pod People.” At the supermarket she wanders the aisles in a self-contained bubble, thanks to her iPod digital music player. Through those little white ear buds, Wolfisch Cole listens to a playlist mixed by her favorite disc presenter-herself.
At home, when the kids are tucked away, Wolfisch Cole often escapes to another solo media pod－ but in this one, she’s transmitting instead of just receiving. On her computer web log, or “blog”, she types an online journal chronicling daily news of her life, and then shares it all with the Web.
Wolfisch Cole－who also gets her daily news customized off the Internet and whose digital video recorder (DVR) scans through the television wasteland to find and record shows that suit her tastes－is part of a new breed of people who are filtering, shaping and even creating media for themselves. They are increasingly turning their backs on the established system of mass media that has provided news and entertainment for the past half-century. They’ve joined the exploding “iMedia” revolution, putting the power of media in the hands of ordinary people.
The tools of the movement consist of a bubbling stew of new technologies that include iPods, blogs, podcasts, DVRs, customized online newspapers, and satellite radio.
Devotees of iMedia run the gamut (范围)from the 89-year-old New York grandmother, known as Bubby, who has taken up blogging to share her worldly advice, to 11-year-old Dylan Verdi of Texas, who has started broadcasting her own homemade TV show or “vlog’, for video web log. In between are countless iMedia enthusiasts like Rogier van Bakel, 44, of Maine, who blogs at night, reads a Web- customized news page in the morning, travels with his fully loaded iPod and comes home to watch whatever the DVR has chosen for him.
If the old media model was broadcasting, this new phenomenon mightbe called ego-casting, ” says Christine Rosen, a fellow with the Ethics and Public Policy Center. The term fits, she says, because the trend is all about me-me-media －”the idea is to get exactly what you want, when and where you want it.”
Rosen and others trace the beginnings of the iMedia revolution to the invention of the TV remote, which marked the first subtle shift of media control away from broadcasters and into the hands of the average couch potato. It enabled viewers to vote with their thumbs－making it easier to abandon dull programs and avoid commercials. With the proliferation of cable TV channels in the late 1980s followed by the mid-1990s arrival of the Internet, controlling media input wasn’t just a luxury. “Control has become a necessity,” says Bill Rose, “Without it, there’s no way to sort through all the options that are becoming available.”
A saleswoman in the supermarket.
A disc presenter.
An online news writer
A middle-aged housewife.
They have helped ordinary people control media.
They choose what to listen to or watch by themselves.
They have started the iMedia revolution.
They provide news and entertainment for the public.
I.?They are either very old or very young.
J.?They consist of people of all ages.
BA.?They are located in New York, Texas and Maine.?
BB.?They share the same interests.?
people show themselves in the media
people get their needs for media met
it is the invention of an individual
people can watch whatever they like
Because it led to the invention of Internet in the 1990s.
Because it made more cable TV channels available to people.
Because it made life easier for couch potatoes.
Because it enabled ordinary people to control media to some extent.
36. Sleep is generally divided into five stages. In the first stages, a person sinks into a light sleep; muscles relax, breathing and pulse are slow down. In the third and fourth stages of deep sleep, a sleeper can only be awakened by a loud and unusual noise; the heart beats slowly and blood pressure drops. It is in the fifth stage that the body regenerates and a person dreams. Dreams are an important part of healthy sleep. They help the brain adapt and respond to life experience. The brain is almost as active at this time as when a person is awake.
The secrets of a good night’s sleep are a good mattress and reasonable eating habits. A heavy meal and too much wine will destroy a good night’s sleep. When buying a mattress, you should test it to make sure that when lying on it you ate comfortable and your body sinks into a side position easily. The mattress should be of the right size — 20 to 30 centimeters longer than the sleeper’s stretched-out body and at least 95 centimeters wide.
A comfortable bed and a slightly darkened bedroom are important to a good sleep, too. It is true that a good night’s sleep must be long, deep and with no disturbance, so that both the brain and the body will regenerate during sleep. Therefore, the bed should be placed at least 60 centimeters away from a window.
the second and third stages
the first and second stages?
the third and fourth stages?
the fourth and fifth stages
the importance of the bedroom???
the time required for a good sleep
the secrets for a good night’s sleep
the importance of a good mattress
?95 centimeters wide
60 centimeters wide??
?30 centimeters long?????
?50 centimeters long
pulse rate slows down
the heart beats slowly??
the body becomes fresh again
?a right-sized mattress
a comfortable bed?
a very?darkened room
?a light meal?
37. Maybe ten-year-old Elizabeth put it best when she said to her father. “But. Dad. you can’t be healthy if you’re dead.” Dad, in a hurry to get home before dark, so he could go for a run. had forgotten to wear his safety belt ─ a mistake 75% of the US population make every day The big question is why. There have been many myths about safety belts ever since heir first appearance in cars some forty years ago. The following are three of the most common. Myth Number One: It’s best to be “thrown clear” of a serious accident. Truth: Sorry, but any accident serious enough to “throw you clear” is also going to be serious enough to give you a very bad landing. And chances are you’ll have traveled through a windshield (挡风玻璃) or door to do it. Studies show that chances of dying after a car accident are twenty-five times greater in cases where people are “thrown clear.” Myth Number Two: Safety belts “trap” people in cars that are burning or sinking in water. Truth: Sorry again. but studies show that people knocked unconscious (昏迷) due to not wearing safety belts have a greater chance of dying in these accidents People wearing safety belts are usually protected to the point of having a clear head to free themselves from such dangerous situations, not to be trapped in them. Myth Number Three Safety belts aren’t needed at speeds of less than 30 miles per hour Truth: when two cars traveling at 30 mpb hit each other. an unbelted driver would meet the windshield with a force equal to diving headfirst into the ground from a height of 10 meters. 西南大学答案q599792222 或请进 opzy.net
A.wanted to take some exercise
B.didn’t want to be caught by the police
C.wasn’t feeling, very well
D.hated to drive in the dark
E.Never drive faster than 30 mile an hour.
F.Never forget to wear the safety belt while driving.
G.Drive slowly while you’re not wearing a safety belt
H.Try your best to save yourself in a car accident.
I.they will be caught when help comes
J.the belt prevents them from escaping in an accident
BA.they will be unable to think clearly in an accident
BB.cars catch fire easily
BC.He didn’t have his safety belt on.
BD.He didn’t take his medicine on time.
BE.He was driving at great speed.
BF.He was running across the street.
BG.may get seriously hurt being thrown out of the car
BH.may be knocked down by other cars
BI.may find it impossible to get away from the seat
BJ.may get caught in the car door
38. In the last 500 years, nothing about people — not their clothes, ideas, or languages — has changed as much as what they eat. The original chocolate drink was made from the seeds of the cocoa tree by South American Indians. The Spanish introduced it to the rest of the world during the 1500’s. And although it was very expensive, it quickly became fashionable. In London, shops where chocolate drinks were served became important meeting places. Some still exist today.
The potato is also from the New World. Around 1600, the Spanish brought it from Peru to Europe, where it soon was widely grown. Ireland became so dependent on it that thousands of Irish people starved when the crop failed during the “Potato Famine (饥荒)”of 1845-1846, and thousands more were forced to leave their homeland and move to America.
There are many other foods that have traveled from South America to the Old World. But some others went in the opposite direction. Brazil is now the world’s largest grower of coffee, and coffee is an important crop in Colombia and other South American countries. But it is native to Ethiopia, a country in Africa. It was first made into a drink by Arabs during the 1400’s.
According to an Arabic legend, coffee was discovered when a person named Kaldi noticed that his goats were attracted to the red berries on a coffee bush. He tried one and experienced the “wide-awake” feeling that one-third of the world’s population now starts the day with.
some cocoa trees????
some chocolate drinks.
some South American Indians
Coffee drinks were first made by Arabs.
?Coffee is native to Colombia
?One third of the world’s population drinks coffee.
Coffee can keep one awake.
they were so dependent on potatoes that they refused to eat anything else
the weather conditions in Ireland were not suitable for growing potatoes
they were forced to leave their homeland and move to America
the potato harvest was bad
39. Of the six outer planets, Mars, commonly called the Red Planet, is the closest to the earth. 4,200 miles in diameter and 55% of the size of the earth, Mars is 34,600,000 miles from the earth, and 141,000,000 miles from the sun. It takes this planet, along with its two moons, Phobos and Deimos, 1.88 years to circle the sun, compared to 365 days for the earth.
For many years, Mars had been thought of as the planet with the man-made canals, supposedly discovered by an Italian astronomer, Schiaparelli, in 1877. With the United States spacecraft Viking I’s landing on Mars in 1976, the man-made canal theory was proven to be only a myth.
Viking I, after landing on the soil of Mars, performed many scientific experiments and took numerous pictures. The pictures showed that the red color of the planet is due to the reddish, rocky Martian soil. No biological life was found, though it had been speculated by many scientists. The Viking I also monitored many weather changes including violent dust storms. Some water vapor, polar ice and permafrost (frost below the surface) were found, indicating that at one time there were significant quantities of water on this distant planet. Evidence collected by the spacecraft shows some present volcanic action, though the volcanoes are believed to be dormant, if not extinct.
performing scientific experiments
collecting information showing volcanic action
monitoring weather conditions
discovering large quantities of polar ice and permafrost
No longer active.??????????.
?No longer in existence.
Mars has two moons.
Martian soil is rocky.
It takes longer for Mars to circle the sun than it does for the earth.
?Mars doubles the earth in size.
The soil on Mars emits reddish light.
The rocks on Mars proved to be reddish.
The soil on Mars is reddish.????
The rocks on Mars give out reddish light.
40. Not many years ago, a wealthy and rather strange old man named Johnson lived alone in a village in the south of England. He had made a lot of money in trading with foreign countries. When he was seventy-five, he gave ?12,000 to the village school to buy land and equipment for a children’s playground.
As a result of his kindness, many people came to visit him. Among them was a newspaperman. During their talk, Johnson remarked that he was seventy-five and expected to live to be a hundred. The newspaperman asked him how he managed to be healthy at seventy-five. Johnson had a sense of humour. He liked whisky and drank some each day. “I have an injection in my neck each evening.”he told the newspaperman, thinking of his evening glass of whisky.
The newspaperman did not understand what Johnson meant. In his newspaper he reported that Johnson was seventy-five and had a daily injection in his neck. Within a week Johnson received thousands of letters from all over Britain, asking him for the secret of his daily injection.
buying and selling land
?he liked drinking a glass of whisky in the evening
he needed an injection in the neck
there was something wrong with his neck
a daily injection in the evening would make him sleep well
how to live longer
what kind of whisky he had
in which part of the neck to have an injection
how to become wealthy
was very fond of children
was a strange man
?had no children
wanted people to know how rich he was
should have found out what Johnson really meant
shouldn’t have asked Johnson what injection he had
was eager to live a long life
should have reported what Johnson had told him
It’s impolite to arrive at a dinner party more than 15 to 20 minutes late. The host or hostess usually waits for all of the guests before serving the food. If someone is late, the food may be spoiled, and so might the host or hostess’ mood. If you find you will have to be late, call and tell them to start without you.
It’s even worse to be early! The host or hostess will probably not be ready. If you are early, drive or walk around the block few times, or just sit in your car until the right time.
It’s often important to arrive at a party on time. Some get-together, especially formal dinner parties depend on exact arrival times. On the other hand, for open houses, the host or hostess invites guests to arrive and leave between specific times, so you can arrive at any time within the times he or she gives you. It’s nice to bring an empty stomach, but it’s even nicer to bring a small gift. The gift should not cost a lot, or you might embarrass the host or hostess. Flowers, wine, some pretty soap for the guest bathroom, a box of candy, a bottle of inexpensive but good wine and similar gifts will do fine. Never bring money as a gift.
North Americans might kiss a close friend on the cheek in greeting. But never on the lips, unless they are very, very close! It is not customary for Americans to greet each other with a kiss unless they had not met for a long time.
call and tell the host or hostess to wait for you
send someone to tell the host or hostess not to wait for you
call and?tell the host or hostess not to wait for you
send someone to tell the host or hostess to wait for you
a party?for family members and friends where guests can come and go between specific times
a party which is open to anybody
a party which is held in the open
a house which is open day and night
the host and hostess will understand
the guest will have to go hungry
the host and hostess will be very angry
the host and hostess will be in low spirits
very not common??
42. Accidents are the major cause of death for all young people under 35. They are the fourth most frequent cause of death for all age groups in the US-fourth only to heart disease, cancer and stroke. Each year thousands of Americans lose their lives in accidents, and thousands are permanently crippled.
By far the most common types of home accidents are falls. Each year over ten thousand Americans meet death in this way, within the four walls of their home, or in yards around their house. Nine out of ten of the victims are 65. But people of all ages experience serious injuries as a result of home falls. It is impossible to guess how many injuries result from falls, but they must run into millions.
Falls can be a problem for all ages. In the process of growing up, children or teenagers often will fall. Fortunately their bodies are springy, so they may suffer only skinned knees, bumps (肿块) and bruises. But in an older person, the same fall may cause a broken arm, leg, and hip or other injury that requires hospitalization or medical care. As a person grows older, he may not fall any more often, but the results usually are more serious and may even be fatal.
Preschool children are often killed by falls from open windows and porches (走廊). Their normal curiosity and the urge to climb lead them to dangerous heights. Therefore, it is a parent”s duty to keep small children away from stairways, open windows and porch railing (栏杆, 扶手). Gates, bars, and other means of protection should be used whenever possible.
Adults fall because they don”t look where they are going. Running or taking two steps at a time invites falls. In trying to save an extra trip up the stairs by loading his anus with bundles or boxes that keep him form seeing where he is going, an adult may find it safer to make an extra trip.
?as a cause of death in America, accidents rank first
the head is injured more than any other part of the body
most people do not realize how serious falls can be
the risk of accidents increases with a person’s age
old people dont look where they are going as a result of poor eyesight
old people fall more often than younger people
?bones become stiff and brittle with age
elderly people take unnecessary risks
heart disease is the greatest killer of Americans
seat belts save lives ???
?the death rate from work-related injuries is increasing
most accidents are avoidable
43. The Nile made Egypt’s civilization possible. The river is more than 400 miles long. In its fertile valley crops are grown for food and cotton for clothing. Mud from the river bottom makes good bricks for houses. Thus ways of getting food, clothing and shelter were close for the Egyptians.
The Nile is a highway for the people of Egypt. Flat bottomed boats and large narrow barges carry products from one city to another. There are also passenger boats on the Nile, carrying people up and down the river. In ancient times huge blocks of stones were floated down the river on barges. These stones are used in making buildings and monuments.
For thousands of years the Egyptians have depended on the Nile for their crops. The land on both sides of the Nile is desert, where crops cannot be raised.
But crops grow well in the Nile Valley. In fact, several different crops are often grown on the same land during the same year.
Once the Nile flooded each year, overflowed its banks, and carried rich soil in land every summer. These floods were caused by early summer rains.
At present there is a series of dams in the Nile. Water raises high in the river each summer as usual. The people do not let the Nile flood, however. They store the water behind dams. It is now possible to use the water as needed, not just at flood time.
the Nile flooded every year
there was rain all the year long??
the Nile became deeper and deeper after each rainfall
the Nile was not a long river
in the Nile valley
far away from the desert area
on the land near the desert area
on both sides of the Nile?
the river bottom can serve as a road in dry season
cars and trucks can move as fast as possible along it
on the river there are a lot of boats and people
the river is an important water transportation line in Egypt
The flat bottomed boats have been used.???
The Nile is a highway for the people in Egypt.
The Nile made Egypt’s civilization possible.
The Nile is the source of flood.??
different crops are raised on the same land
only cotton can grow well
?bricks for houses are made
people grow all crops except cotton
44. Almost every family buys at least one copy of a newspaper every day. Some people subscribe (订阅) to as many as two or three newspapers. But why do people read newspapers?
Five hundred years ago, news of important happenings — battles lost and won, kings or rulers overthrown (推翻) or killed — took months and even years to travel from one country to another. The news passed by word of mouth and was never accurate. Today we can read in our newspapers of important events that occur in far away countries on the same y they happen.
Apart from supplying news from all over the world, newspapers give us a lot of other useful information. There are weather reports, radio, television and film guides, book reviews, stories and, of course, advertisements. The bigger ones are put in by large companies to bring attention to their products. They pay the newspapers thousands of dollars for the advertising space, but it is worth the money, for news of their products goes into almost every home in the country. For those who produce newspapers, advertisements are also very important. Money earned from advertisements makes it possible for them to sell their newspapers at a low price and still make a profit.
Newspapers often have information on gardening, cooking and fashion as well as a small but very popular section on jokes and cartoons (漫画).
? sent by letter????
?sent by telegraph????????????
? passed from one person to another??
. sent by telephone?
E.take long to reach other countries
F.spread to other countries
of no value?
. read by many
read only by children??????
BG.uncommon in the world
BH.founded among a few families
BI.widespread in the world
BJ.not popular in U. S. A.
45. Football is, I believe, the most popular game in England: one has only to go to one of the important matches to see this. Rich and poor, young and old, one can see them all there, shouting for one side or the other.
To a stranger one of the most surprising things about football in England is the great knowledge of the game which even the smallest boy seems to have. He can tell you the names of the players in most of the important teams, he has pictures of them and knows the results of large number of matches. He will tell you who he expects will win such and such a match, and his opinion is usually as good as that of men three of four times his age.
Most schools in England take football seriously — much more seriously than nearly all European schools, where lessons are all that are important, and games are left for the children themselves. In England it is believed that education is not only a matter of filling a boy’s mind with facts in the classroom, education also means the training of character; and one of the best ways of training character is by means of games, especially team games, instead of working for himself alone. The school therefore plans games and matches for its pupils. Football is a good team game, it is good both for the body and the mind. That is why it is every school”s game in England.
E.training character by means of football game
F.filling a boy’s mind with stories
G.more than teaching of knowledge
H.the teaching of knowledge only
I.as important as football games
J.considered the most important
BA.what the children like best
BB.left for the children themselves
BH.boys and girls
46. Laziness is a sin, everyone knows that. We have probably all had lectures pointing out that laziness is immoral, that it is wasteful, and that lazy people will never amount to anything in life. But laziness can be more harmful than that, and it is often caused by more complex reasons than simple wish to avoid work. Some people who appear to be lazy are suffering from much more serious problems. They may be so distrustful of their fellow workers that they are unable to join in any group task for fear of ridicule or for fear of having their idea stolen. These people who seem lazy may be paralyzed by a fear of failure that prevents fruitful work. Or other sorts of fantasies, may prevent work; some people are so busy planning, sometimes planning great deals or fantastic achievements that they are unable to deal with whatever “lesser” work is on hand. Still other people are not avoiding work; strictly speaking, they are merely procrastinating — rescheduling their day.
Laziness can actually be helpful. Like procrastinators, some people may look lazy when they are really thinking, contemplating, researching. We should all remember that great scientific discoveries occurred by chance. Newton wasn’t working in the orchard when the apple hit him and he devised the theory of gravity. All of us would like to have someone “lazy” build the car or stove we buy, particularly if that “laziness” was caused by the worker’s taking time to check each step of his work and to do his job right. And sometimes, being “lazy” — that is, taking time off for a rest — is good for the overworked students or executive. Taking a rest can be particularly helpful to the athlete who is trying too hard or the doctor who’s simply working himself overtime too many evenings at the clinic. So be careful when you’re tempted to call someone lazy. That person may be thinking, resting, or planning his or her next work.
laziness is a disease
?a good definition of laziness is emotional illness
?some people appear lazy because they are insecure
laziness is more beneficial than harmful
The word “laziness” is sometimes applied incorrectly.
Most assembly workers are lazy.
Most of the time laziness is a virtue.
Most insecure people are lazy.
?laziness is the sign of deep-seated emotional problems
?laziness is a moral sin
lazy people do more careful work
there?are advantages and disadvantages in being lazy
In today’s age of fast travel, the world seems a smaller place — and to some people, a less exciting place. Fifty years ago only a few English people had holidays abroad. People who didn’t travel thought of other countries as very far away and different. For example, people thought the French all eat garlic, the Italians all eat spaghetti and the Americans all drink Coca Cola. These definite ideas of other nationalities are called stereotypes. But do we have the same stereotypes today? People travel more, we all watch the same TV programmes, and ideas travel quickly too. Nowadays everyone eats garlic and spaghetti and drinks Coca Cola. Everyone listens to the same music. wears the same fashions, buys the same cars. They just do it in a different language!
watch different TV programmes?
travel more and watch the same TV programmes
watch the same TV programmes
smaller and more
?bigger and less
?smaller and less???
bigger and more?
are the same?
are almost the same
A Big World???
A Small World
?An Exciting World
An Interesting World
near and the same
near and different
remote and very different??
remote and the same
48. Passage 3
Even if you are a good high-jumper, you can jump only about seven feet off the ground. You cannot jump any higher because the earth pulls you hard. The pull of the earth is called gravity.
You can easily find out the pull of the earth. If you weigh yourself, you will know how much gravity is pulling you.
Since there is gravity, water runs down hill. When you throw a ball into the air, it falls back down. Because of gravity, you do not fall off the earth as it whirls around.
Then, can we get away from the earth and go far out into space? Now you can do it, because spaceships have been invented. Then spaceship will go so fast that it can escape the earth’s gravity and carry you into space.
A.the force which attracts the earth towards the sun
B.the pull of everything
C.the force which attracts objects towards the centre of the earth
D.the force of attraction among objects
E.the earth’s gravity is greater than your weight
F.the earth has gravity
G.you are careless
H.the earth always turns round
I.fish can live in water
J.water always go downward
BA.we can go everywhere by ship
BB.water flows everywhere
BC.it can let you fly away from the earth
BD.it makes you jump only seven feet
BE.it can throw a ball into the air
BF.it can keep everything on earth
BG.the spaceship has a strong force
BH.the earth can”t pull the spaceship
BI.the spaceship can jump higher than other things
BJ.the spaceship goes very fast
49. Passage 2
What is your favorite colour? Do you like yellow, orange, red? If you do, you must be optimist, a leader, an active person who enjoys life, people and excitement. Do you prefer greys and blues? Then you are probably quiet, shy and you would rather follow than lead. You tend to be pessimist. At least, this is what psychologists tell us, and they should know, because they have been seriously studying the meaning of colours preference, as well as the effect that colors have on human beings. They tell us, among other facts, that we do not choose our favourite colour as we grow up ? we are born with our preference. If you happen to love brown, you did so, as soon as you opened your eyes, or at least as soon as you could see clearly.
Colours so influence our moods — there is no doubt about it. A yellow room makes most people feel more cheerful and more relaxed than a dark green one; and a red dress brings warmth and cheer to the saddest winter day. On the other hand, black is depressing. A black bridge over the Thames River, near London, used to be the scene of more suicides than any other bridge in the area — until it was reprinted green. The number of suicides attempts immediately fell sharply; perhaps it would have fallen even more if the bridge had been done in pink or baby blue.
Light and bright colours make people not only happier but more active. It is an established fact that factory workers work better, harder, and have fewer accidents when their machines are printed orange rather than black or grey.
A.More people happen to love brown because they saw something brown when they were born.
B.Colours have little influence on our moods.
C.People’s preference of one colour to another is acquired as they grow up.
D.People’s preference of one colour to another is instinct (本能).
E.red to grey
F.red to yellow
G.blue to yellow
H.blue to orange
BB.its building materials
BC.in regard to other facts
BD.not considering other facts
BE.according to other facts
BF.besides other facts
BG.you don’t like to follow others
BH.you would be afraid of following others
BI.you would like to be a leader rather than a follower
BJ.you would be a member rather than a leader
50.[主观填空题] ______ For this question, please refer to p. 16 in this book.
51.[主观填空题] ______ And even though you won’t need maternity clothes for at least several weeks, some of your shirts may become alittle too tight.
52.[主观填空题] ______ He was waiting for me to offer him a prescription, or to order more tests.
53.[主观填空题] ______ If it was true that the mother’s actions over the next nine months would affect her offspring for the rest of his life.
54.[主观填空题] ______ It’s important to see your actions align with your life goals.
55.[主观填空题] ______How do I retrieve my password?
56.[主观填空题] ______ She is the biggest contributor to the Hope Project.
57.[主观填空题] ______ The funeral service will be held at St. Laurence Parish Church.
58.[主观填空题] ______ Mandatory training is any type of training that an employee or a person must attend as a component of his or her job or learning.
59.[主观填空题] ______ Just show your ticket at the check-in counter.
60.[主观填空题] ______ You should keep a healthy diet and take prenatal vitamins recommended by your doctor.
61.[主观填空题] ______ What is the insurance premium for these goods?
62.[主观填空题] ______You can forward texts and photos, even messages from third-party applications.
63.[主观填空题] ______ You have to demonstrate that you are reliable.
64.[主观填空题] ______The engagement is announced between Benedict and Sophie.
65.[主观填空题] ______You may get gifts and books at the school fair in the hall.
66.[主观填空题] ______ The second-hand version is a poor copy of the original.
67.[主观填空题] ______ You told me that you’d had a spouse. But I never knew about your daughter.
68.[主观填空题] ______ The international office provides the international students a two-week orientation program to help them get familiar with the new environment.
69.[主观填空题] ______ Could you please submit this report to the chairman of the department.
70.[主观填空题] ______ Separate your spending into categories, such as books, laundry, entertainment, food and beverages
71.[主观填空题] ______ These associated equipments should all be housed together in a control room.
72.[主观填空题] ______ In regard to this change, I shall have more to say in the last chapter of this book.
73.[主观填空题] ________It happened prior to my arrival.
74.[主观填空题] ______ Would you fill in this registration form?
75.[主观填空题] ______ You’d better consult the doctor for your headache.
76.[主观填空题] ______ He’s the most eligible actor for this hero in the movie.
77.[主观填空题] ______ People in that country believed the recession would last a year or less.
78.[主观填空题] ______ When the waiter takes our order I opt for a seafood dish.
79.[主观填空题] ______ We want to show you our commitment.
80.How do you learn English with modern techology?
81.People may never forget the best moments they’ve spent with their old friends? Tell about your best moment with your best friends.
82.What would you like to do when you are asked to lend money? What are your suggestions for this situation?
83.What are your suggestions on using smartphones appropriately?
84.Does modern technology bring people closer or separate them farther? What are your suggestions for controlling the use of smart phones?
85.Are there any danger of making friends on line? What are your suggestions for the internet safety for making friends online?
86.What’s your attitude toward the use of modern technology?
87.What are the advantages and disadvantages of modern technology?
88.What kind of friends online would you like to make? What are your suggestions for making friends on line?
89.I know that you will study hard and explore all the great things that a university has to offer.
90.It’s heartbreaking that we can’t spend our days together in the same neighborhood, walking the same streets, reading the same newspaper at the same coffee shop.
91.You are fortunate to have parents that can take care of your biggest bills—tuition, room and board, transportation home.
92.The seemingly small gesture of a this gentle woman changed the course of my day.
93.Yet I can’t help but worry that you may get tripped up with money issues.
94.But there’s something that’s easy to lose sight of: These happy folks aren’t typical.
95.In some countries naturalization is subject to conditions which may include passing a test demonstrating reasonable knowledge of the language or way of life of the host country
96.These courses will open your eyes to how much money works in the real world and introduce you to practical skills you’ll use the rest of your life.
97.It may be time for you to break up with online dating and try meeting a mate in the scary old-fashioned way: face to face.
98.But as the years pass, it becomes increasingly difficult to see each other, to make new memories.
99.Move to a neighborhood or a building that seems to have lots of people you’d like to meet.
100.Though this reunion of friends has come to a close, we are already drawing up plans for the next one.